Tašmajdan park

Tašmajdan, one of central parks in Belgrade, is located no more than 200 meters from the National Assembly. The name of the place "Tašmajdan" is of Turkish origin and it means "quarry", as it is believed that the Romans pulled out rocks from this place and used it, among other things, for building the Belgrade Fortress in the old days.

Tash16Because of that, beneath the park is a very complex way of tunnels, that served for different purposes over the time. It provided refuge for Serbian rebels during the First Serbian uprising against the Ottoman Turks in 1806, for example. Serbian Orthodox Church is using some of the underground facilities for safeguarding their relics, and Nazi-Germans had their warehouses there throughout the course of the World War II. From time to time, some of the tunnels open up to the visitors.

In the first half of the 19th century on the spot of today's park was the cemetery, which was moved by the beginning of 1900's. However, a large number of graves were left in the ground. The plans for constructing the park were made before the WWII, but only in 1954 it was officially open. Some of the headstones that were left from the cemetery were used to pave the surface, especially the steps, and it was visible to the sharp eye. You could notice years of birth or death under your feet as you stroll through the park.

In 2011, the park was renovated with the donation of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It got a new surface, with children playgrounds, tracks for jogging, and a "singing fountain". But still you will get the sensation of walking over the graves, as those were never moved from this place.

St. Mark's Church (Chirtian Orthodox church, photo on top) is located in the outskirts of the park. Probably the most beautiful church in Belgrade, it represents a true Serbo-Byzantine style of architecture.

Serbian emperor Tzar Dušan (1308-1355), the most powerful Serbian ruler who spread state borders throughout the Balkan peninsula in the 14th century, is buried inside.

Tash winter12Behind St. Mark's Church, a small Russian-Orthodox church of the Holy Trinity is located. The church was built in 1924 by the Russian emigrants who fled motherland after the October Revolution in 1918. Almost 50 000 of the so called "White Russians", loyal to the emperor and the defeated regime, settled down in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Many of them found their home in Belgrade. The church represented the country that they lost. And it was the place where they gathered to remember it. It was built quickly, without any ornaments, moderate and pretty small. But stiill, it fulfilled the purpose of provoking nostalgic feelings. It resembled enought to the ones back home. Symbolically, they laid down a clod of Russian soil on the foundation of the church.

The headquarters of the Radio-Television of Serbia, the official public TV and Radio broadcaster, are also situated on the border of the park.

Leaned on the hill of carved stones lies "Tašmajdan Stadium", a place where you can ice skate during the winter, play basketball during the springtime and summer, listen to concerts, or watch all kinds of different sports events under the clear (or not so much) sky above.

Crossing Beogradska street, near the fountain (photo above on the left) and the Faculty of Law, you'll find yourself in Mali Tašmajdan Park (eng. "Little Tašmajdan Park"), which is logically part of this whole area, but still it is considered as an independent section.

 

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