Belgrade, Republic of Serbia eob@eyesonbelgrade.com

Story of Zemun

A view on Zemun

After seeing in Belgrade everything you've planned, you can complete your enjoyment visiting Zemun, a historical town and one of 17 municipalities which constitute the City of Belgrade and which is situated on the other bank of the Danube river.

The story of Zemun dates back to the early Neolithic period, when settlement was made here, on the location where Gardoš fortress is. Throughout history Zemun was under Celtic, Roman, Byzantine, Bulgarian, Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian and finally Serbian rule, so there are a lot of different influences in architecture.

In ancient times, the Celtic and Roman settlement was known as Taurunum. It served as an important military stronghold on the fortified Roman border - the "limes". It was also a grounded port and seat of the Danube fleet, as well as a commercial centre and trading town on the main road leading to the newly founded Constantinopole.

Great Market square

Great Square - Green market

Like other ancient towns, Taurunum grew into a medieval settlement. Franks called it Malevilla, meaning evil place, but in the same period (9th century) Slavic name, Zemlyn, which means earthy town, was recorded for the first time. Slavic word zemlja, meaning soil, was probably a basis for all other future names of the town: Hungarian Zimony, German Semlin and modern Serbian Zemun, which the town has borne since the 13th century.

Zemun was a battlefield of Austrian and Ottoman Empire for a long time. In 1739. it became a border town between the two countries (it was said to be the most beautiful border town of Austria) and in 1746. a free military municipality with regulated administration, the Magistrate.

Church of St. Demetrius

Church of St. Demetrious

Until WWI, Zemun was a town of its own. In 1934. it was administratively united with Belgrade and from 1945. Zemun has been a city municipality of Belgrade. Nowadays, numerous historical monuments stand as proofs of its attractive position, while it continues its development into a modern settlement with quite a rich tourist offer. Much of the old town is still well preserved and is a living history, a reminder of what the region looked like and what life was like in the past, especially in the 19th century, under Austro-Hungarian rule.

The top landmark of Zemun is Gardoš, The area around it maintained its old look, with narrow, cobblestoned streets. Rustic facades on the individual residential houses can be seen here even today. Gardoš hill is the highest point in town from which you can enjoy the views of Zemun, the Danube, and Belgrade off in the distance.

Millennium Tower or Gradoš Tower, or Tower of Sibinjanin Janko

Millennium Tower (Tower of Sibinjanin Janko)

Zemun has all the reasons for showing-off. There is a wide variety of attractions: from many cultural and historical sites, such as the Millenium Tower (known as The Tower of Sibinjanin Janko, built in the 19th century to celebrate the thousand years of Hungarian settlement in the Pannonian plain), through fantastic fishing areas, floating or non-floating restaurants, cafés, to the Madlenianum theatre and opera house, galleries and finally, shops where long-forgotten or decorative objects are being manufactured.

If you come to Zemun, you definitely shouldn’t miss Zemun Quay ("Kej oslobođenja"), an ideal place for city escape, a pedestrian zone that runs along the Danube. It is one of the most popular promenades in the city, with various entertainment facilities along it, including barges-cafés, restaurants, nightclubs, museums, amusement park, and formerly largest hotel in Belgrade, Hotel "Yugoslavia" (with Casino Beograd).

Zemun Quay

Zemun Quay

Zemun can also be proud of its almost untouched oasis, a local sandy beach called Lido, situated on the Great War Island, at the mouth of the Sava river into the Danube.

Zemun is, without any doubt, the most charismatic and the most authentical part of Belgrade. It is absolutely amazing and definitely worth the visit if you have enough time.

 

Spirta's House - Zemun Home Museum

Spirta's House

This building was constructed by Spirta family, of Greek origin, and as of 1965 it belongs to the Zemun Home Museum (branch of Belgrade City Museum), which shows the history of the district since it was founded back in the Roman days.

Year of construction: 1855

Architecture: Gothic

Location: 9, Glavna street, Zemun district

It's one of the most beautiful buildings in Zemun. The museum and the building are in the process of reconstruction, so it is closed for the public. The main attraction of the house was specially made parquet floor, which was worn out and now it is being reconstructed. It was made from 8 different kinds of wood, richly ornamented, and everything was handmande.

Sprirtas were a wealthy family. However, from all of their wealth, today only one pink crystal glass is left, that was used by the last mistress of the house.

Arts & Culture

Places

  • Zeleni Venac

    Zeleni Venac is a small district in the center of the city, located on the principal way to...

  • Ušće Park complex

    Ušće park complex is a huge green space and promenade by the river on New Belgrade's side. It...

  • Topličin Venac

    Topličin Venac is a small street and district in the heart of the old town, close to Knez...

  • Topčider Park

    One of Belgrade's favorite places for having a picnic or small weekend excursion. if you are...

  • Terazije

    Terazije street (or square) is the ground zero, the central point of the city. Like Puerta del Sol in...

  • Svetogorska street

    Svetogorska street is one of the major central city streets. It goes for about 500 meters, from...

  • Students' square and park

    This is the oldest urban city square in Belgrade, with one of the most classical surroundings in...

  • Story of Zemun

    After seeing in Belgrade everything you've planned, you can complete your enjoyment visiting...

  • St. Sava's Church

    It was the year 1594. Serbian lands were under the Ottoman rule for quite some time. They burned...

  • St. Mark's Church & Tašmajdan Park

    St. Mark's Church is located in the center of Belgrade, in Tašmajdan park. It was built on the...

  • Slavija square and Vračar Plateau

    One of the main points of traffic in Belgrade is located at Slavija square roundabout. From this...

  • Skadarlija

    Skadarska street is the main promenade and center of Skadarlija bohemian district.

  • Savamala and Belgrade Waterfront

    Savamala historical district is located down by the river, and it represents one of the oldest...

  • Resavska street

    Resavska street is one of the most important streets in the center of Belgrade. It goes from the...

  • Republic square

    Formerly known as the "Theater square", after the magnificent building of the National Theater...

  • Politika tower and square

    This 17-story building is holding the offices of the "Politika" (eng. "Politics") daily newspaper.

  • Pioneers' Park

    Pioneers park, located in the very heart of the city, bounded by the Old Palace (now City Hall)...

  • Obilićev Venac

    Obilićev Venac street forms a continuous pedestrian zone in the center of the city with Knez...

  • Nikola Pašić square

    Nikola Pašić square is, together with Terazije square and Republic square, which are in immediate...

  • New Belgrade

    After the Second World War, in the 1950's, Belgrade started developing across river Sava, in the...

  • Nemanjina street

    Nemanjina street covers relatively short distance between Slavija square and the Old Main Railway...

  • Krunska street

    Krunska (Crown) street is located in the city center, Vračar district. It goes on for 1.5...

  • Kraljice Natalije street

    Kraljice Natalije (eng. "Queen Nathalie") street is one of the central city streets that connects...

  • Kralja Petra st.

    King Peter's street (ser. "Ulica Kralja Petra") is possibly the most beautiful street in Belgrade. It goes...

  • Kralja Milana st.

    Kralja Milana (eng. "King Milan street") is one of the central avenues in Belgrade. It goes on...

  • Kosančićev Venac

    Kosančićev Venac is a very beautiful district in historical part of Belgrade, beneath Belgrade...

  • Kneza Miloša street

    Kneza Miloša street is a large avenue that connects city center with the highway. It goes for...

  • Knez Mihailova st.

    Knez Mihailova street is a famous pedestrian zone in the very center of Belgrade. Throughout the...

  • Gospodar Jevremova st.

    Gospodar Jevremova street (eng. "Lord Jevrem's street") bears the name of Prince Miloš's father,...

  • Flower square

    Cvetni Trg (eng. "Flower Square") started as a small park in the late 19th century, which grew...

People holding banner Eyes on Belgrade